Plant Arizona tree

Planting trees in Phoenix, Arizona can be difficult and Chip Off The Old Block has some helpful tips to help with planting a tree in the desert.

Trees improve the look of the landscape and can provide shade, increase property values, reduces wind pollution, provide food, lower temperatures, covert carbon dioxide to oxygen and make the desired area more beautiful. Planting trees in the desert can be a challenging with large temperature swings, soil types, elevation differences and low precipitation levels.

Tree Site Selection

Plating a tree in the right place is very important step in the process of growing a healthy tree. Here are some of the factors to take in consideration when selecting the area to plant; sunlight access, wind reduction, reduce noise pollution, sprinkler system, water access and drainage.

Selecting the Right Tree to Plant and When

Choosing trees that are prevalent to the area or state will greatly increase the chances of a successful tree planting project. In Arizona, there are a wide variety of trees to choose from and some of the most popular choices include; palo verde, mesquite, palm trees, fruit trees and many more.
Be sure to choose a tree that fits the area so it will have a chance to grow with plenty of room to grow to it’s full potential.
Also decide what functions that the tree will provide such as shade, wind reduction, produce fruits or to add curb appeal.

Although it is possible to plant a tree year round, the ideal time to plant trees in Arizona is September through April and gives the tree plenty of time to build roots to withstand the summer heat.

Tree Planting Steps

The first decision to make is weather to plant the tree yourself or hire a service to do it. For the do it yourself folks, we have a list of some of the basic steps to follow to plant a tree successfully.

  1. Water the area that the tree will be planted at a couple days before digging the hole.
  2. Loosen the soil in the planting area five times the area of the root ball of the tree that is being planted. This will help with aeration and root growth.
  3. In the center of planting area, dig a hole with sloping sides twice the center depth of the root ball so you can slide the tree in the hole easily.
  4. Gently remove the tree root from the container by holding the tree by the root ball and score the root ball while sliding it into the hole to free up any roots that are caught up.
  5. Plant the tree in the hole and spread the soil above the root ball just enough where the root collar is exposed slightly and spread any excess soil around the base of the tree evenly.
  6. Form a small berm just outside the root ball around the tree so there is a place for an irrigation well so water does not escape the desired area. If using a water drip system, use a minimum of 2 lines to wet the area.
  7. Research the amount of water needed for the specific tree that was planted and apply accordingly. Apply an optional layer of mulch to the area around the base of the tree not touching the trunk.
  8. Remove the stakes from the tree that came from the nursery and try to avoid staking if at all possible. If they are necessary, use two of them outside the root ball and use foam or non abrasive ties around 6 inches above the trunk to secure the tree in the upright position.

Planting trees in ArizonaArizona Tree Care

After the tree is planted, water the entire area around the root zone daily for the first year. Once the tree is established, water less frequently and depends on what type of tree, soil and specific times of the year. Tree fertilizer is not needed for the first year and only a small amount is recommended for the second year. Tree pruning is not recommended the first year and any damage to leaves or branches may be removed gently or by a tree expert. It is very important to prune properly with the correct cuts and is not recommended to remove these branches because they help to protect the tree from the sun and other injuries.

Chip Off The Old Block offers expert advice and a certified Phoenix Arborist service to help care for your trees. For established trees that look unhealthy, we also offer a popular deep root organic fertilization service that makes your trees look like new again.

(This is a basic tree planting guide and is for informational purposes only, 
please consult with a certified Arborist for specific questions and concerns.)

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